What the Founding Fathers learned.
The Founding Fathers were determined to stop government tyranny that they had experienced from England. Through their studies of past and present governments they came to the realization that there are really only two types of governments, those run by rulers and those run by the people. They knew that those run by rulers were tyrannical, because the rules made laws for their own benefit and not for the happiness and benefit of the people.
People’s type of governments, where the people had the most say in the law making process were the ones where the people benefited the most and were the happiest. In these governments the people ruled through their representatives and the governments were called Republics. Once we understand this concept we can take a look at what the Founding Fathers wanted the purpose of the U.S. President to be.
Qualifications of the U.S President.
1. Natural born citizen
2. 35 years old or older
3. A resident of the United for 14 years or more.
The Powers granted to the U.S. President by the Constitution.
The Constitution, Section 2 lists the following powers of the U.S. President:
1. Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States
2. May require opinion, in writing, of the principal officers in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices.
3. Shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment.
4. Shall have power to make treaties, with the advice and consent of 2/3 of the Senators present.
5. Shall have power to appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States with the advice and consent of the Senate.
6. He shall from time to time give Congress information of the State of the Union, and recommends to their consideration measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.
7. He takes care that the laws are faithfully executed.
8. In Article I, section 7 of the Constitution the President is given veto power.
When the House and the Senate pass a bill, the bill is presented to the President for him to sign. If he signs it, the bill becomes law. If he doesn’t sign it, but sends it back with his objections. The House and Senate can then vote on it again and if 2/3 agree it becomes law.
The above are all the powers the U. S President is allowed to have except in times of war and then he may be given other war powers of Congress dealing with war, until the war is ended.
Basically the U.S. President is called “The Chief of State” or in other words, he is the chief executive who watches over the United States to see that all is going well. You could say his main purpose is to be an overseer.
·He oversees the different U.S. departments. He nominates the chief executives of each department of the U.S., with approval of the Senate. These executives are his cabinet members. He oversees that the affairs of each department is running as it should because he calls for reports from the top executive in each department and gives a report to Congress on the State of the Union.
·He oversees foreign affairs. As head of state, he meets with foreign leaders and foreign visitors.
·He oversees war. Congress declares war but the President is commander in chief of the military and directs them during war. He can make treaties if 2/3 of Senate approves.
·He oversees the bills Congress passes. If he approves of a bill voted in by Congress he will sign it into law. If he disapproves of a bill voted in by Congress, he will veto it and explain why he disapproves. He sees that the laws of the land are executed.
·He oversees those who are imprisoned for offences against the United States. He can give pardons to people who have been imprisoned for offences against the United States, if he feels they were wrongly convicted.
Learn more about the U.S. Constitution, purchase the book, Making of America by W. Cleon Skousen or a shorter version, The Constitution in a Nutshell.
Linda N. Hackett